External enablers: It takes two!
Addiction Takes Two, So Does Sobriety
Working in the field of addiction, I see people every day who have made a big decision. They may have decided to give up their drug habit or cut down on drinking. These people walk into treatment centres, counselling sessions or visit an A.A. meeting each day. Some are determined, some are desperate, and some are still having trouble believing that they even have a problem. The one thing they all have in common though is that they are only half of their addiction problem.
Every addict has an enabler. An enabler is a person or portion of their personality that helps them continue their addiction. Signs of an enabler include taking on someone else’s responsibilities, difficult sleeping, anxiety, and/or financial problems.
However, no matter what type of enabler a person has, when they decide to seek treatment for their addiction, they forget that the enabler is a part of the problem. Even after they get treatment, the enabler will still help the addict maintain their addicted lifestyle. Until they learn how to quit enabling an addict.
External vs. internal enablers
So what are some examples of enabling behavior? First, let’s address the two main types of enablers.
External enablers – External enablers are often the people closest to the addict. They care deeply for that person and because of that, they often shield an addict from the full repercussions of their actions.
Internal enablers – An internal enabler is that little voice in the addict’s head that helps them justify their actions. Just like an external enabler, this little voice helps the addict avoid the problems that their addiction causes.
Treating the enabler
Because enablers help addicts maintain an addicted lifestyle, it is so important to get treatment for the enabler (not just for the addict). How can an enabler seek treatment to stop enabling?
1. Understanding the role of the enabler
Understanding the role of the enabler helps in other ways as well. Many addicts are brought into treatment by someone who wants a therapist or treatment centre to simply “fix” the problem. These people are often shocked and offended when they learn that they bear some of the responsibility for the addiction.
2. Accepting responsibility
While that can be hard to hear for an enabler and even harder to accept, the sooner it is dealt with the more quickly recovery can begin. Accepting that they contributed to an addiction is also important because it will help the enabler and the addict further down the line.
3. Family therapy
One of the best treatments is family therapy. This brings the addict and their closest relatives into a safe space and allows them to re-examine their relationships. Family and friends often do not know how to behave once someone is in recovery and this can throw an addicts relationships into chaos. With the right help, family and friends can understand their new roles and relationships to smooth the transition into recovery for the addict.
4. Changing behaviours
Once an enabler is able to recognise enabling behaviour they can stop it. This will do more than just help the addict stay clean. An addict who is trying to recover will also recognise enabling behaviour and this can cause arguments and other tension. The addict will be angry because they see someone trying to enable their addiction. The enabler will be angry because they see what they are doing as simply trying to help. If both parties understand what behaviours are inappropriate, they will be on the same page when the addict start recovery. This also means less stress for the addict which can help increase the chances of a relapse.
Getting on the same page
Once enablers and addicts are on the same page, they can work together to provide the best possible recovery environment. Do you have questions about the role of internal or external enablers in addiction recovery? Please leave your questions or comments below. We’ll do our best to respond to you personally and promptly.
Photo credit: GLady